Wood Flooring Hardness Chart | hardwood hardness ratings

Wood Flooring Hardness Chart

How Hard is Hardwood?

Here we list the relative hardness of each wood species used to make hardwood floors. These ratings were created using the Janka Hardness Test, which measures the force needed to embed a .444 inch steel ball to half its diameter in a piece of wood.

The higher the number, the harder the wood. Though it’s one of the best methods to measure the ability of a specific species of wood to withstand indentations, it should only be used as a general guide for comparison. The construction and finish of a floor also play an important role in its durability and ease of maintenance.

 Douglas Fir  660
 Southern Yellow Pine (short leaf)  690
 Southern Yellow Pine (Long leaf)  870
 Black Cherry  950
 Teak  1000
 Black Walnut  1010
 Heart Pine 1225
 Yellow Birch 1260
 Red Oak (Northern) 1290
 American Beech 1300
 Ash 1320
 White Oak 1360
 Australian Cypress 1375
 Hard Maple 1450
 Wenge 1620
 African Pedauk 1725
 Hickory 1820
 Pecan 1820
 Purpleheart 1860
 Jarrah 1910
 Merbau 1925
 Santos Mahogany 2200
 Mesquite 2345
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Overall Rating: 4.4 stars - 10 reviews

By:
Date: December 13, 2013
Page Rating: (3.0/5)
Comments:
It would be nice to create or source an authoritative list that includes Brazilian cherry, strand woven bamboo, horizontal constructed bamboo, and vertical construction bamboo; or perhaps have an article on the short comings of the janka hardness test and why you shouldnt choose your hardwood solely on the janka hardness rating
By:
Date: June 25, 2013
Page Rating: (5.0/5)
Comments:
excellent detail; just what is needed to pick a floor, as last one was way too soft and a disaster to keep up
By:
Date: April 6, 2013
Page Rating: (5.0/5)
Comments:
This is great, I know nothing about hardwood floors. Thanks
By:
Date: April 6, 2013
Page Rating: (5.0/5)
Comments:
This is great, I know nothing about hardwood floors. Thanks
By:
Date: February 24, 2013
Page Rating: (5.0/5)
Comments:
I will recommend this your site to anyone considering new flooring. Most helpful.
By:
Date: February 17, 2013
Page Rating: (2.0/5)
Comments:
No ratings of bamboo flooring, which is very popular right now.
By:
Date: January 20, 2013
Page Rating: (4.5/5)
Comments:
Really informative site. However in the hardness scale why is Brazilian Cherry not noted. I thought it was one of the most popular, desired species?
By:
Date: October 31, 2012
Page Rating: (5.0/5)
Comments:
Excellent site - lots of great content. My wife and I are shopping around and this will be very helpful- thank you!
By:
Date: September 21, 2012
Page Rating: (5.0/5)
Comments:
I visited many sites. Yours was the first out of 4 sites to tell me that the higher the number, the harder the material.
By:
Date: September 18, 2012
Page Rating: (4.5/5)
Comments:
what hardness of brazalian

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