Wood Flooring Hardness Chart | hardwood hardness ratings

Wood Flooring Hardness Chart

How Hard is Hardwood?

Here we list the relative hardness of each wood species used to make hardwood floors. These ratings were created using the Janka Hardness Test, which measures the force needed to embed a .444 inch steel ball to half its diameter in a piece of wood.

The higher the number, the harder the wood. Though it’s one of the best methods to measure the ability of a specific species of wood to withstand indentations, it should only be used as a general guide for comparison. The construction and finish of a floor also play an important role in its durability and ease of maintenance.

 Douglas Fir  660
 Southern Yellow Pine (short leaf)  690
 Southern Yellow Pine (Long leaf)  870
 Black Cherry  950
 Teak  1000
 Black Walnut  1010
 Heart Pine 1225
 Yellow Birch 1260
 Red Oak (Northern) 1290
 American Beech 1300
 Ash 1320
 White Oak 1360
 Australian Cypress 1375
 Hard Maple 1450
 Wenge 1620
 African Pedauk 1725
 Hickory 1820
 Pecan 1820
 Purpleheart 1860
 Jarrah 1910
 Merbau 1925
 Santos Mahogany 2200
 Mesquite 2345
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Web Page: Wood Flooring Hardness Chart | hardwood hardness ratings
Overall Rating: 4.2 stars - 18 reviews

Date: April 26, 2016
Page Rating: (5.0/5)
Date: April 16, 2016
Page Rating: (3.0/5)
Date: March 7, 2016
Page Rating: (2.0/5)
You are missing Acacia wood on your list.
Date: August 31, 2015
Page Rating: (5.0/5)
Great information, thanks.
Date: April 28, 2015
Page Rating: (5.0/5)
just what i was looking for.
Date: January 28, 2015
Page Rating: (3.5/5)
I wouldnt list Brazilian Cherry as a hard wood. Its probably not listed here, because whatever dealers tell you about the rating, I can share it is not hard and cant believe how easy it is to scratch and dent. Pick something else over Brazilian Cherry.
Date: December 28, 2014
Page Rating: (5.0/5)
Good page to familiarize with the basics of hardwood installation and types
Date: May 10, 2014
Page Rating: (4.0/5)
you did not include bamboo
Date: December 13, 2013
Page Rating: (3.0/5)
It would be nice to create or source an authoritative list that includes Brazilian cherry, strand woven bamboo, horizontal constructed bamboo, and vertical construction bamboo; or perhaps have an article on the short comings of the janka hardness test and why you shouldnt choose your hardwood solely on the janka hardness rating
Date: June 25, 2013
Page Rating: (5.0/5)
excellent detail; just what is needed to pick a floor, as last one was way too soft and a disaster to keep up

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