Vinyl Flooring Terms to Know

Vinyl / Resilient Flooring Terms

Aluminum Oxide Added to the urethane finish for increased abrasion resistance in the wear layer.

Backing Vinyl flooring is constructed of several different layers: the wear layer, the printed or decorative layer, an inner core consisting of a foam and vinyl layer, and a backing. Felt and fiberglass are the most common backing.

Cork The bark of the Cork Oak is the source of a resilient, naturally hypoallergenic, mold and mildew resistant flooring.

Decorative Layer Vinyl flooring is constructed of multiple layers. This layer contains the designs for the flooring, such as tile, stone, marble and wood patterns and is the product of the rotogravure printing process.

Floating The flooring is not bonded to the substrate by any adhesive in this flooring installation method.

Full Spread The adhesive is troweled over the entire substrate in this installation method.

Inner Core The foam and vinyl wear layer combine to provide durability, insulation and comfort.

Linoleum Flooring composed of linseed oil, wood flour or cork dust. This type of flooring has been around for 150 years and is considered a green flooring.

Perimeter Adhered The adhesive is only applied to the perimeter of the flooring and the seams with this installation method.

Resilient Flooring that has "give" or elasticity. This includes all vinyl flooring, linoleum, cork and rubber.

Rotogravure A printing process that uses an engraved plate to apply a decorative dye layer to the vinyl gel coat creating a world of flooring patterns.

Rubber A durable, resilient, hygienic flooring choice that is easily recycled and often includes previously recycled material.

Seams The line where two pieces of vinyl flooring meet.

Seam Sealer A thin liquid adhesive applied to the cut edges of vinyl sheets to join them together.

Subflooring The rough floor over which the vinyl flooring is installed.

Substrate The surface on which the vinyl flooring will be laid. It could be wood, concrete or old vinyl.

VCT Vinyl Composition Tiles. Another vinyl flooring choice with all of the advantages of sheet vinyl flooring, only this one comes in squares.

Vinyl Shiny and tough and flexible plastic; used especially for floor coverings made from polyvinylchloride (PVC) and plasticizer.

Wear Layer The top surface of vinyl flooring. The thickness varies with each vinyl floor product. A thicker wear layer means greater resistance to scratching and scarring.

Photo: Armstrong - Cushion Step - Peruvian Slate

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